The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America

By Khalil Gibran Muhammad

Lynch mobs, chain gangs, and popular views of black southern criminals that defined the Jim Crow South are well known. We know less about the role of the urban North in shaping views of race and crime in American society.

Following the 1890 census, the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery, crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land of opportunity were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners as indisputable proof of blacks inferiority. In the heyday of separate but equal, what else but pathology could explain black failure in the land of opportunity ?

The idea of black criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America, as were African Americans own ideas about race and crime. Chronicling the emergence of deeply embedded notions of black people as a dangerous race of criminals by explicit contrast to working-class whites and European immigrants, this fascinating book reveals the influence such ideas have had on urban development and social policies.

[A] brilliant work that tells us how directly the past has formed us.--Darryl Pinckney"New York Review of Books" (05/24/2012)


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ISBN: 9780674062115

About the Paperback

Publisher Harvard University Press
Publish date 11/30/2011
Pages 392
ISBN-13 9780674062115
ISBN-10 0674062116
Language English

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